Fall lawn care is something that is often overlooked when the weather starts to change, making being outdoors less attractive, but good practices can make a big difference during the winter and especially early spring when you wishmake your grass green and thick.
However, autumn lawn care should not be done with spring ahead. Now is also the perfect time to seek and preventcommon lawn problems, such asmanchas na grama. And while it might not address every problem now, you can start laying the groundwork for lawn repairs later.
Here, we've rounded up fall lawn care tips from leading experts, so yours can make it through the winter in good health.
autumn lawn care
We're all guilty of a few basic mistakes when it comes to caring for your fall lawn before it goes dormant for the winter. See how to avoid them.
1. Seed your lawn
Seeding a lawn in early fall can help the lawn turn green and bushy the following spring. “To establish well, grass seed requires the right amount of heat, light, water, seed distribution, and good contact with the soil. Generally speaking this means that any period between March and October will be suitable, but September is the golden month to do this important garden work,” explains Guy Jenkins, turf specialist atJohnsons Grass Seed(opens in new tab).
“As the days get shorter in the fall, the grass starts to go into its dormant period and migratory birds start to return home, which means there are fewer of them to gobble up the newly dispersed seeds.”
Fall planting falls into two categories:planting grass seedsfor the first time andreseed a lawn in autumn.
Seeding a new lawn, Guy suggests so; “Ideally, the soil should be moist, warm and soft, so choose your time well, waiting until it rains decently and when the weather is mild. Prepare the bed well by clearing perennial weeds, breaking up hard, uneven areas, and removing large rocks.
'Turn the soil over to let in some oxygen and dig up some well-rotted organic matter if the soil is especially poor or sandy. Pinch the area so the soil is firm and let it sit for a few weeks. If you are seeding a large area, divide it into sections using string supported by garden reeds, then sow evenly at the rate indicated on the box. Lightly scrape the seed into the soil and water gently with as fine a mist as possible, trying not to cause puddles that would flood the seeds and cause them to clump together.
'Finally, stay off the grass! Give the seeds a chance to settle down properly by watering regularly in the absence of rain.
"The fastest way to revive your existing lawn is to reseed it," says lawn care expert David Truby, CEO ofgreen sleeves(opens in new tab). Overseeding is a lawn rejuvenation treatment that can be applied in addition to scarifying or aerating. Not only does this improve the quality of your lawn, it also repairs bare patches and makes your lawn more resilient by increasing shade, drought tolerance, and disease resistance.”
2. Fertilize your lawn
In addition to sowing or overseeing your lawn, grass, like other plants, greatly benefits from a timely application of fertilizer in the fall.
‘During the summer months, prolonged heat, wildlife or general wear and tear will damage your lawn. This makes fall the most important time of year to feed your lawn. Knowledgehow to fertilize a lawnand using the right fertilizers will help your lawn recover from the summer and stay thick and healthy during the cooler part of the year, as well as help you avoid a number of pests that can damage your lawn,” continues David Truby of Greensleeves. .
3. Focus on mold prevention
"Autumn is the time of year we associate with seeing colored mushrooms and other mushrooms," notes David Truby of Greensleeves. “However, there are also ubiquitous fungi, such as fusarium and red thread, which can infect the lawn and cause great damage”, he warns.
‘The first step in treating grass damage is to establish its cause. Symptoms such as brown spots, spots, or stickiness are telltale signs of certain types of fungus, but grass damage can also be caused by mold, moss, insects, and wildlife.
"While scarifying, aerating, and repotting can help reduce fungal invasion, the best course of action would be to call in the professionals to take care of the problem using a specialized fungicidal formula."
4. Put insecticides
“Various insect larvae are active in the fall and, if they feed on their roots, they can do immense damage,” warns David. “While moss, thatch, and other lawn diseases can do serious damage to your lawn, the most catastrophic damage is often caused by common insect larvae and grubs.
"Bug infestations are more common than you think and can be difficult to treat if you don't know how."
Look for an eco-friendly biological insecticide treatment that targets and kills some of the most common harmful insect infestations such as leather jackets and chafer larvae. To checkWhen is the best time to remove grass?, also.
5. Make a move on the moss
Although some people like the idea of amoss garden, others may see moss as an invader of their perfectly manicured lawn. "Moss often becomes a big problem during the fall and winter and can overwhelm a lawn in a short amount of time if left untreated," explains David Truby of Greensleeves.
“As a highly adaptable and hardy plant that thrives in areas of shade, moisture and poor-quality grass, moss not only makes your lawn look patchy and spongy underfoot, it also robs you of its nutrients. .
'However, if you find moss in your lawn, don't panic! You can treat it with scarification, a mechanical treatment that removes thatch and moss, preventing many lawn diseases and helping to maximize the amount of water and nutrients that can reach the roots.”
There are also some home treatments for garden moss such asuse detergent to kill the moss, which might be easier for small patches of moss.
6. Tends to brown spots
Brown spots on green grass can look unsightly, but they can be easily avoided by giving the grass time to breathe and recover in the fall.
“Ideally, anything that should be on your lawn should be moved every day. If that's not possible, take the time to use fertilizer to help it recover,” suggests gardening expert Laura Schwarze of Wicker Outdoor Furniture Expert,luxury wicker(opens in new tab). ‘To avoid brown spots on your lawn, place your outdoor furniture on a patio, deck or artificial grass to help keep your grass free. If that's not an option, rotate patio furniture regularly to help prevent lawn damage.
7. Aerate your lawn
many people askwhy aerate a lawneach year, as the task can be time-consuming. However, aeration has a variety of benefits, especially if you knowwhen to aerate a lawnfor the best effect andhow to aerate a lawncorrectly.
"Aerating the lawn improves the color and lushness of the lawn because the roots can more easily absorb nutrients from the fertilizer," explains turf specialist Chris McIlroy ofthe grass people(opens in new tab). “There is less chance of moss, weeds and turf diseases forming, and this gives the turf a quicker recovery from heavy use in hot, cold or wet weather like what we see in the fall. Also, aeration helps improve drainage and reduces the chances of puddles.”
Aeration is ideal when printing or trying tofix a waterlogged lawnduring autumn and winter too.
"For a small to medium sized lawn, mow, shred or core methods are best for a small to medium sized lawn," says Chris. When using a garden fork, firmly press the surface down to at least 30 mm, then rock the fork back and forth a little and remove it. Doing this cracks the floor a little to create a hole in the floor to allow for airflow. This can be done during spring and autumn as it has a good effect on the lawn. A lawnmower can also be used as it can affect a larger area and is generally quicker to use but may not be uniform in depth across the entire lawn. Both methods should be avoided in very dry or very wet conditions.”
“Corners are best used for large areas,” continues Chris, “as well as for heavily compacted soil, this will remove clods of soil, usually 5-7 centimeters. These machines tend to push a core of soil out of the soil, which usually only happens when the soil needs better aeration and drainage. The holes can be filled (lined) with sand to help water pass through the soil. This method is typically used by gardeners who need to improve their soil profile; so if you're not sure you can do the job, hire a professional.
You can buy this simple yet effective grass gin/aerator on Amazon.(opens in new tab).
8. Mow and rake your lawn
"In the winter, the humidity and lack of sunlight take a toll on the lawn," says Leigh Barnes, landscaping expert atjacksons fencing(opens in new tab). As the leaves fall, rake them regularly. You should complete a final cut in early November whenever dry.
Instead of composting fall leaves, consider using them as a natural mulch for your flower beds. "A blanket of fall leaves in any flowerbed will provide a layer of protection against the inevitable severe frosts and freezing snow associated with winter," adds Leigh.
What should I put on my lawn in the fall?
If you want to protect your lawn through the fall and winter and prepare it for a spring growth spurt, apply a nitrogen-rich fertilizer to your lawn in the fall period. This will provide your grass with plenty of nutrients to survive the winter and grow stronger and thicker in the spring.
Is October too late for overpopulation?
While October is not too late to reseed your lawn, it should be done as early as possible. Sowing a lawn in late October leaves the seeds at risk of winter frosts from November to January. September is the best time to reseed your lawn, no later than early October if you want to give the seeds the best chance.
Early fall fertilizers should be a 20-8-8 formula, while a late fall fertilizer application might require 13-25-12 mixture. These suggestions can be adjusted according to your grass type, lawn issues and on your landscaper's recommendations.What is the best lawn fertilizer for autumn? ›
We recommend using either Miracle-Gro EverGreen Autumn Lawn Care or Miracle-Gro EverGreen Premium Plus Autumn & Spring Lawn Food. These products are best applied using a lawn spreader to ensure even application over your lawn - this will help prevent any scorching or damage.How do I rejuvenate my lawn in the fall? ›
- Decide on Type of Seed. Choose the right type of grass seed for your growing conditions. ...
- Control Weeds. ...
- Mow Lawn to 1” in Height, Dethatch and Aerate. ...
- Add Top Soil or Leaf Compost. ...
- Tamp Down and Cover. ...
- Watering. ...
- Mowing. ...
Rake lawns and remove debris. Recycle leaves as mulch. November is the traditional time to apply a winterizing fertilizer to your lawn (higher potassium and phosphorus, and lower nitrogen). Apply after the grass stops growing but at least a month before the ground freezes.Should I fertilize my lawn twice in the fall? ›
Once you get germination, start to taper off you watering, until the lawn is getting about an inch each week. Fescue lawns should be fertilized twice in the fall, ideally in mid-September, and again in mid-November. Most any lawn fertilizer will do.Can you fertilize too late in fall? ›
Timing is really everything when it comes to late fall fertilization. So yes, depending on your turf and climate, you may still fertilize in November. You do want to wait until the grass has stopped growing and rarely needs mowing. However, you don't want to wait so long that the ground freezes.Should I overseed or fertilize in the fall? ›
Fall is the best time. The autumn season comes with a mix of warm soil and cool air, perfect for planting grass seed and allowing time for new grass roots to develop before winter sets in. It is also a good time to fertilize to build stronger, deeper roots for winter, resulting in a thicker, greener lawn next spring.What is the difference between fall fertilizer and Winterizer? ›
The composition of a fall fertilizer is a bit different than its winter counterpart. While both fertilizers contain potassium, winterizers usually contain a higher amount of this mineral to sustain your grass when the ground freezes.When should I overseed and fertilize my lawn in the fall? ›
Your best bet is to feed once in early fall (if you are overseeding, your starter fertilizer counts) and once more about 6 to 8 weeks later, around Thanksgiving. Deliver the nutrients grass needs to get through the winter and come up strong the following year.What should I do to my lawn in October? ›
Treat the grass gently as you rake out thatch, debris and moss. Your grass will be exposed after this, so fertilise to help strengthen the roots, topdress and overseed to fill out any bare patches in your lawn. If you have bare patches that need addressing, you can still overseed in October.
Repair Dead Patches. Early fall is an ideal time to reseed dead or thin patches in cool-season lawns. If you seed in autumn, you'll have fewer weeds to deal with next year. And the seedlings will become established before stressful hot weather conditions arrive.Is it better to leave your lawn long or short for winter? ›
If your grass is too long, it's at risk for disease. The ideal grass height for winter is between 2 inches and 2.5 inches. This keeps grass short enough to resist disease spread, but not so short that it becomes overly stressed by cold temperatures.Can I put grass seed down in November? ›
Through dormant seeding, grass seed can be planted in November when the weather is cold enough to keep it dormant until the weather warms up in the spring. Once spring arrives, the seeds will sprout and grow normally.Should I cut my lawn short in the fall? ›
The best height to cut grass in the fall
Focus on striking the right balance in fall so your lawn's ready for winter. Shorten your cool season grass to about 2.5 inches before the first frost in winter. Mow warm-season grasses to 1.5 or 2 inches in fall.
Fall is the best time to feed with Scotts® Turf Builder® WinterGuard® Fall Lawn Food. This fall fertilizer builds strong, deep grass roots for a better lawn next spring, delivering the nutrients needed to help recover from damage caused by summer heat, drought, and activity.Can I overseed and fertilize at the same time in the fall? ›
Applying fertilizer at the same time you seed your lawn is not a recommended idea. Many experts will tell you that doing so you could risk to destroy a large part of your lawn where the soil was heavily fertilized.Should I fertilize my lawn in November? ›
This is the time of year when grass plants recover from disease, heat, drought, and other summer stresses and starts to prepare for the dormant period ahead.Is December too late to fertilize lawn? ›
The best time to make late fall applications of lawn fertilizer is typically in November or the very beginning of December when the grass stops actively growing or has slowed down to the point of not needing to be mowed.What month is best for fall fertilizer? ›
During fall, September is the best time to fertilize your lawn. Grass is recovering from a long hot summer and may be coming out of a drought-induced dormancy, so you'll want to give your lawn a shot of nitrogen to push blade growth.Should I overseed in the fall? ›
Fall is the time to perform your lawn overseeding because the soil temperature is still warm. Therefore, it is the perfect time for germinating grass seed. Plus, weed seeds don't germinate in the fall, and that means less competition for your new grass seedlings.
Best Fall Lawn Fertilizer
While this fall lawn fertilizer dose is important, an application at the end of October or early November is essential. At that time, apply a fertilizer with a formula of 13-25-12. The push of phosphorus will stimulate root growth through November and even into early December.
For best results, apply early spring, late spring, late summer and fall.What is 30 0 10 fertilizer used for? ›
30-0-10 is a professional quality turf fertilizer for use on all lawn areas including fairways, tees, and other turf. The slow-release formula helps reduce mowing, conserve water and is non-leaching. Guaranteed Analysis: Total Nitrogen (N) - 30%What is 16 6 12 fertilizer good for? ›
A PROFESSIONAL HOMOGENEOUS 5 TO 6 MONTH◊ CONTROLLED RELEASE NURSERY FERTILIZER FOR ANNUALS, PERENNIALS, FOLIAGE PLANTS, GREENHOUSE CROPS AND OUTDOOR ORNAMENTALS.What is 8 8 8 fertilizer good for? ›
It regulates the nitrogen to carbon levels in the soil so it can hold in the nitrogen effectively. This miracle fertilizer is an excellent choice for rapid fill in and high stress areas.What is 7 7 7 fertilizer good for? ›
Growmore 7-7-7 is a well known balance NPK suitable as a short general feed. Growmore fertiliser offers a multi-purpose planting fertiliser that is ideal for use in the garden. Growmore can also be used on established plants as a balanced feed.What is 5 5 5 fertilizer good for? ›
SUNBurst 5-5-5 Fertilizer can be applied to all vegetables, fruit trees, nut trees, vines, flowering and ornamental trees, shrubs, flowers, containerized plants, and turf.Should I overseed or fertilize first in the fall? ›
Your best bet is to feed once in early fall (if you are overseeding, your starter fertilizer counts) and once more about 6 to 8 weeks later, around Thanksgiving. Deliver the nutrients grass needs to get through the winter and come up strong the following year.What is poor man's fertilizer? ›
An old wives tale says that snow is the poor man's fertilizer. This is true because snow contains the nutrient nitrogen. The snow lies as a blanket on the ground and slowly percolates through the soft spring soil, gradually releasing its fertilizer and moisture into the soil.What is 30 0 0 fertilizer used for? ›
30-0-0 can be used to treat nitrogen deficient soil, or as part of a maintenance plan. In addition to immediately-available nitrogen, 30-0-0 also contains slow-release nitrogen sources for extended longevity and continued nutrient uptake.
Apply at the rate of 1 quart per square foot or 100 gallons per 400 square feet. Repeat treatment every 1-3 weeks as needed. CONSTANT FEED:Fertilizer applications with every watering (3 or more times per week).What is the strongest lawn fertilizer? ›
The best overall fertilizer for grass is the Dr. Earth Super Natural Organic Fertilizer, because it includes the three main macronutrients your soil needs: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.When should you not fertilize? ›
The worst time to fertilize plants is at the end of their growing season. Trees, for example, begin to wake up and grow in early spring, and typically are fertilized once in February or March. Most shrubs make active growth in the spring and early summer, so we tend to fertilize them once around March or April.What are the three 3 kinds of fertilizer to apply? ›
The Big 3—nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium—provide the foundational nutrients of today's commercial fertilizers.